History | People | Boards | Stencils | Patents & Trademarks | Factories | Advertisements | Articles | Entertainment | Customer Letters | Other
Kennard Novelty Company | Ouija Novelty Company | Northwestern Toy and Mfg. Co. | W. S. Reed Toy Company | International Novelty Company | Copp Clark Company | American Toy Company | Isaac Fuld & Brother | William Fuld | Southern Toy Company | Baltimore Talking Board Company
International Novelty Company
805 North Howard Street, Baltimore, Maryland
The International Novelty Company incorporated in Baltimore, Maryland on April 13, 1892. Five men signed the papers; Charles H. Lighthiser, Daniel M. Henderson, Robert S. Collmus, P. Bryson Millikin, and George W. Allen. The International Novelty Company made an agreement with Elijah J. Bond and obtained the rights to Elijah's Canadian Ouija patent (No. 36,092.) Unlike the Unites States patent (No. 446,054) that Bond assigned to Charles W. Kennard and William H. A. Maupin, Bond did not grant the Kennard Novelty Company international rights. This would later come back to haunt William Fuld when he would try to enforce his Ouija trademark (104 Folio 24,709) in Canada.
Charles H. Lighthiser was the company's president, and Daniel M. Henderson was its secretary and treasurer. On June 15th 1892 the International Novelty Company made an initial two year agreement with the Copp Clark Company Limited to lease the rights to manufacturer the Ouija board in Canada. The International Novelty Company would collect twenty-five cents on every Ouija board manufactured and sold by Copp Clark. In return, the Copp Clark Company Limited would receive the exclusive rights to manufacturer the Ouija board in Canada. All they had to do was manufacture one thousand Ouija boards in that first two year period. The deal itself cost Copp Clark a whopping five dollars. That agreement was later modified in a letter from the International Novelty Company to Copp Clark Company Limited dated November 12th 1898. The royalty fee was reduced from twenty-five cents to fifteen-cents per Ouija board.
The agreement stayed in force and royalties were paid to the International Novelty Company until April 19th 1904 when a fire in Toronto burned Copp Clark's inventory of Ouija boards as well as their entire warehouse. They later realized that the Canadian patent was only valid for ten years and expired on March 10th 1901. When Copp Clark started re-manufacturing Ouija boards in 1908 they no longer paid a royalty to the International Novelty Company.
If you are interested in purchasing today's Canadian Ouija board please visit Products of Canada.